Geothermal Earth Loops for Mt. Pleasant

In part three of our Introduction to Geothermal series, we are going to discuss geothermal loop systems and how each type works.

A geothermal loop is the series of underground pipes used to move heat to and from the earth. The pipes are made out of high-density polyethylene to secure a reliable, long-lasting system. They are adhered together using thermal fusion which will forge a bond that is much stronger than the original pipe itself. In fact, a properly installed loop can survive up to 200 years.
 
There are two main types of geothermal loop systems that are mostly used in today's installations: open loop systems and closed loop systems. Each system have distinct pros and cons for your heating or cooling solution. We at Moline Heating & Cooling have the training and experience on both types, and we will help you by selecting the best option for your geothermal installation.

Open loop geothermal solutions are designed to maximize the natural groundwater from below your home. Using a well, water is from an existing aquifer and relocated to the geothermal heat pump where its heat is taken out and the water is pumped back into the ground or to an assigned runoff. Since the water that you are using is not being altered in any way, the only thing that is being returned to the ground is water that is just a little warmer or cooler (depending whether you're in heating or cooling mode).

One consideration to keep an eye on with an open loop system is water quality. Mineral build-up can manifest from poor quality water. This can be attended to with an occasional cleaning. If the water in the earth has greater iron content, you will need to make sure that the used water is prevented from coming in contact with air before it is returned to prevent clogs.
 
Closed loops are just as they sound. Rather than pumping water from a well and depositing it elsewhere, water is circulated in a completely sealed circuit with a small amount of environmentally-friendly antifreeze.
 
There are two primary types of closed loop installations: horizontal and vertical. Installing the system horizontally requires quite a bit of land space. The piping is embedded in trenches between 4 and 6 feet deep and can be up to 400 feet long. If you reside on a smaller lot, the loops can be installed vertically by boring straight down using drilling equipment. This variety of installation can be installed in as little as a 10ft by 10ft  area.
 
In either case, the larger the building, the larger the geothermal heat pump and loop needs to be. A good estimate is that for every ton of system capacity, you will need 500 to 600 feet of pipe.
 
Contact Moline Heating & Cooling today to learn more about what system choices are available to you here in Mt. Pleasant.